Another of the Even Money Bets you can play in roulette, is the High, Low bet (also known as Manque Bet / Passe Bet). This is probably the least popular of these types of outside bets. I don’t know why, as it gives you the same odds as playing red/black or odd/even.
What is the Hi / Lo or Manque / Passe Bet?
The Hi / Lo or Manque / Passe is an outside, even money roulette bet on a zone of numbers that cover just under half of the table (48.6%). The 2 groups are numbers 1-18 and 19-36.
ScreenShot Showing a Hi/Lo bet on French Premium Roulette
Even though the odds are the same, we prefer to mix things up a bit (call us superstitious) when we are playing systems that use the even money bets (like the Labouchere, Martingale or Fibbonacci System). We tend to switch between odd/even, red/black, manque/passe.
In reality, you have exactly the same odds playing the high low numbers as you would do playing the colours as the roulette wheel has no memory. And numbers dropping in previously have no direct bearing on what is going to drop in moving forward.
Manque Bet and Passe Bet
You’ll hear Manque (1- number 18) and Passe (19- number 36) if you play roulette in the French Riviera or Monaco. What does Manque and Passe mean?
Well- you know what they mean on a roulette table. Manque covers numbers 1-18, it’s an even money bet (pays 1:1) like the odd/even bet, and Passe covers the numbers from 19-36 (there are always 36 numbers on a French wheel- it’s a variant of a European Wheel).
Literally, Manque means “fail”- the ball has failed to land on a number higher than half the numbers, and on the other hand, if you hit 19-36, the ball has “dépasse la moitié”, or gone over half. Weird, hey? We’ll put that down to one of roulette’s idiosyncrasies.
La Partage Applies on A French Roulette Wheel
Now if you are playing Manque/Passe instead of Hi/Lo (or 1-18/19-36), the chance are that you are playing on a French Roulette wheel. And this is a good thing for this bet, because French tables apply the “La Partage Rules” on these types bets (and on all even money bets as a matter of fact). You might even see the “en prison” rule which is just as good.
Half of your bet will be returned if you bet on Manque or Passe and the ball settles in the zero pocket. And this brings the house edge down to around 1.3%. Compare that to the American tables which have a double zero roulette wheel. The house edge shoots up to 5.2% on these.
Pros and Cons
Covers half the table quickly
Enables you to mix it up on even money bets (eg switch from red/black)
French tables may play La Partage on Manque/Passe
You lose your bet if the ball drops into the zero pocket
The Original Game
Back in the day, on early French roulette wheels there were 36 numbers on the wheel and 2 zeros. Yes, the double zero wheel was invented in France, not America!
The zero “0” was red and also counted as a “Pair” and “Manque” number and the double zero “00” was black and also was part of the “Impair” and “Passe” numbers. So you had a low even zero (0) and a high odd zero (00) if you like.
If the ball landed in one of the two zeros, and you had an even money bet on (ie Pair, Impair, Rouge, Noir, Passe or Manque), instead of winning or losing, the stake was imprisoned (“en prison”) until the next spin. On that spin, the bet was either lost or if you were successful, your original bet was returned to you.
So in the early French game, the Pair and Manque roulette number referred to the single red zero.
The Best Casino and Variant to Play High/Low Bets in Roulette?
Well, ideally you should play these bets on a French Roulette variant as the odds are better (as they play La Partage).